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“公共空間”的社會詩學——茶館與川南的鄉村生活

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英文標題:

Social Poetics of the “Public Space”: Teahouse and Rural life in Southern Sichuan

摘要:

基于拉圖爾對“社會”的本體論批判以及赫茲菲爾德的“社會詩學”理論,本文對一個川南集鎮的茶館生活進行了民族志考察。不同于既有的“公共空間”范式,本文認為中國茶館并非一個表征自治、理性和反抗精神的政治空間;相反,茶館作為人們相互交往的“表演空間”、打牌消遣的“游戲空間”、談論是非長短的“話語空間”,其首要特征在于詩性(poetics)而非政治(politics)。茶館不僅蘊藏了豐富的表演技術、游戲形式和話語策略;同時,作為聯結自我與社會、結構與閾限、話語和實踐的詩性空間,中國茶館所表征的公共性與西方理論中的公共領域亦有著重要區別。

英文摘要:

Building on Bruno Latour’s ontological critique of the “social” and Michael Herzfeld’s conceptualization of “social poetics”, this paper explores teahouse as a way of life in a marketplace in southern Sichuan. To challenge the existing “public space” paradigm for the study of teahouse, I argue that teahouse in China is not a “public space” in the political sense, which highlights autonomy, rationality and resistance. Instead, as a “space of performance” for self-representation and sociality, a “space of playing” for gambling and passtime, as well as a “discursive space” for arguments and arbitration, the local teahouse is characterized by its poetic rather than political nature. The teahouse is not only a container of multiple performing skills, game tricks and speaking tactics, as a poetic space bridging the self and society, structure and liminality, discourse and practice, but also the bearer of a specific, embedded publicity that is distinct from the western public sphere.

作者:

宋靖野

作者單位: 中山大學社會學與人類學學院
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2019.3:99-121
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 茶館;社會詩學;公共空間;表演
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

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