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靈活雇傭與學術資本主義——在美中國高技術移民的依附性困境研究

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英文標題:

Flexibility in the Employment Relations and Academic Capitalism: The Dilemma of Highly Skilled Chinese Immigrants in the U.S. Labor Market

摘要: 隨著經濟全球化和新自由主義經濟的發展,美國勞動力市場結構在過去四十年里經歷了巨大的變化。通過對在美中國高技術移民的深度訪談,本研究發現中國高技術移民在美國勞動力市場中面臨著諸多結構性限制,而這些結構性限制根源于美國勞動力市場中雇傭關系靈活性的全面增加。更重要的是,中國高技術移民對雇主的依附性更加大了他們的勞動力市場風險。本文指出,隨著中國經濟的轉型升級,全球勞動力市場上資本與勞動力的流動趨勢也會相應發生變化。
英文摘要:

Due to challenges of economic globalization and the expansion of neoliberalism in the U.S. economy, the structure of the U.S. labor market has undergone dramatic shifts. Based on in-depth interviews with highly skilled Chinese immigrants in the U.S., this paper reveals that regardless of their work sector, highly skilled Chinese immigrants increasingly become part of the precarious and flexible labor force. More importantly, their dependence on U.S. employers exacerbate the risks they face. The structural constraints that highly skilled Chinese immigrants face in the U.S., combined with rising economic opportunities in China’s labor market, further explain why there has been a growing number of returnees to China. Furthermore, the flow of capital and labor will also change as Chinese economy undergoes further economic transformation and upgrading.

作者:

張洪

作者單位: 中山大學社會學與社會工作系
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2019.6:41-64
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 中國高技術移民;雇傭關系靈活性;非標準雇傭關系;依附性
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金: 本文是廣東省社科基金(GD17CSH02)、高校基本科研業務費中山大學青年教師培育項目(17wkpy53)的階段性研究成果。

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