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住房市場化與住房不平等——基于CHIP和CFPS數據的研究

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英文標題:

Housing Marketization and Housing Inequality: A Study Based on CHIP and CFPS Data

摘要: 本文采用制度分析視角,基于CHIP和CFPS數據研究中國城市住房市場化改革進程及其對住房不平等的影響機制。住房市場化經歷了住房產權化、住房產業化和住房金融化三個階段,住房從消費品逐漸變為投資品和金融品,并成為城市家庭財產主體和社會分化的重要機制。住房市場化顯著改善了城市家庭的住房條件,但加大了代際和不同收入階層的住房面積差異,拉大了高學歷、高職業地位和高收入群體與普通居民的住房資產和住房數量差異。房價持續上漲使住房財富效應膨脹,收入分層與住房分層雙重疊加形成的分化效應加劇了21世紀初中國城市的貧富分化。未來的住房制度改革應實現住房經濟功能和社會功能的均衡,避免貧富分化加劇。
英文摘要:

From the perspective of institutional analysis, based on CHIP data and CFPS data, this paper analyzes housing marketization reform process and its influence on housing inequality. There are three stages of housing propertization, housing industrialization and housing financialization during the housing marketization. Housing changes from consumer goods to investment goods and financial derivative. It also becomes the main source of wealth for urban families and critical mechanism of social differentiation. Housing marketization effectively improves urban families housing conditions, while aggravating gaps among age cohorts and classes in terms of housing size, the number of properties, etc. The continuous increase of housing price expands the wealth effect of housing. Income and housing stratification intensify wealth polarization in urban China in the early 21st century. This paper proposes that future housing reform should balance the economic and social function of housing, and avoid wealth polarization aggravation.

作者:

吳開澤

作者單位: 華東理工大學社會與公共管理學院
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2019.6:80-114
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項目基金:

本研究獲得國家社科基金青年項目“新時代農民工住房供應與保障機制研究”(18CSH056)資助。

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