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“打工詩人”的文學活動與社會適應

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英文標題:

Literary Activities and Social Adaptation of the “Migrant Poets”

摘要: 文學寫作活動是個體調節自身與結構性處境之間的關系并在此過程中建構自我的方式。適應型打工詩人的文學寫作呈現出三種應對處境的方式:彌補情感缺失,以修復為生活機遇而付出的損傷;通過積累文化資本脫離打工者的結構性處境,利用機遇實現上升流動;從所處境遇中暫時抽離,回避壓力與限制并在精神上超越于現實處境。不同于被動同化和按需求層次遞進式的社會適應,打工詩人的文學活動顯示出一種具有主體性的“成長性適應”,即個體對于結構性處境一面尋求協調,一面保持張力而疏離,為了“遂其生”而“安其所”。其中的自我建構主要呈現出“小我”的形態,這一自我形態尋求經濟機遇與精神情感的平衡調和,注重完整的自我發展。
英文摘要: Literary writing constitutes a way for an individual to regulate the relationship between himself and his structural situation in the process of constructing the self. Literary writing of the adapting migrant poets presents three ways to cope with their life situation: to repair the emotional damage caused by life opportunities, to accumulate cultural capital to transform the structural situation and achieve upward mobility, to temporarily withdraw from or transcend the life situation. Different from passive assimilation or needs-based progressive social adaptation, the literary activities of migrant poets demonstrate subjective “growth adaptation”. That is, individuals seek adaptation to the structural situation while maintaining a degree of tension and disengagement. The self-construction mainly presents a form of the ego, which seeks the balance of economic opportunity and spiritual emotion, aiming for self-development.
作者:

劉暢

作者單位: 武漢大學社會學院
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2019.6:115-138
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 打工詩人;文學活動;社會適應;結構性處境;自我建構
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

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