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自保式低保執行——精準扶貧背景下石村的低保實踐

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英文標題:

Self-protection Oriented Dibao Implementation: The Practice of Dibao in Village Shi during “Targeted Poverty Alleviation” in China

摘要: 本研究基于一個“強干預式偏差”不能充分解釋的農村低保偏差案例,通過對該案例的分析剖析瞄準偏差生產的另一種政策執行過程。在精準扶貧的背景下,基層執行者的強干預特性得到了遏制。石村低保實踐中的內含性瞄準偏差得到了很大程度的糾正,瞄準精度有所提高,但是排斥性偏差仍然是較為突出的問題。面對強大的執行壓力,縣級政府、鄉鎮政府和村組干部采取了目標一致、策略各異的自我保護方案,共同建構出“自保式低保執行”的行動邏輯。壓力型體制和懸浮式政權結合形成了“擠壓型體制”,基層執行者通過“選擇性治理”和“情境性抽離”實現了“自保式低保執行”。
英文摘要: Against the background of “Targeted Poverty Alleviation” policy, the “strong intervention” of grassroots implementers in Village Shi has been largely curbed and inclusion error has decreased, improving targeting efficiency in general. However, exclusion error still remains a serious problem. Facing strong supervision pressure from higher-level of governments, different levels of grassroots implementers, including county government, township government and village cadres, take different “selfprotection” strategies. This results in the action logic of “self-protection oriented dibao implementation”. The pressure system combines with the hanging-in-theair regime to form a “squeezing system”, in which pressure from higher-level governments and resistance from practice exist simultaneously for grassroots implementers. In response to the “squeezing system”, the grassroots implementers achieve “self-protection” through “selective governance” and “situational withdrawal” in dibao implementation.
作者:

李棉管

作者單位: 中山大學中國公共管理研究中心、政治與公共事務管理學院
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2019.6:188-212
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 精準扶貧;農村低保;自保式低保執行;瞄準偏差
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

本文為國家社會科學基金一般項目“‘社會政策時代’的中國福利體制屬性及其發展趨勢研究”(16BSH134)的階段性成果。

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