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環境風險溝通中的公眾參與和系統信任

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英文標題:

Public Participation and System Trust in the Process of Environmental Risk Communication

摘要:

以公眾參與促進信任被視為是凝聚社會認同、推動社會穩步發展的有效經驗。本文考察了我國環境風險溝通中的公眾參與和系統信任間的關系,研究發現:無序的彌散性參與行為抑制政府、市場和專家信任,規制性參與行為則有助于促進各系統信任;彌散性參與行為強化參與意愿對市場信任的促進作用,但弱化參與能力對媒體/社團信任的促進作用,而規制性參與行為強化參與能力對市場信任的促進作用。此外,公眾對政府和市場的信任狀況對他們面對風險時的反應有顯著影響,對多重系統不信任可能激發人們過度的風險應對行為。因此,良好的系統信任和有效風險溝通機制的建立有助于降低由環境風險引發的社會風險,這既需要系統釋放充分的公眾正式參與空間,也有賴于通過有序的日常公共生活參與提高公眾的參與能力和社會責任感。

英文摘要:

This paper explores the relationship between public participation and system trust in the process of environmental risk communication. We find that disordered and diffuse participation behavior restrains the trust to government, market and expert, while formal regulative participation behavior is helpful for promoting system trust. Diffuse participation behavior strengthens the ability of participating willingness in promoting market trust but weakens the effect of participation ability on promoting media/community trust. Regulative participation behavior strengthens the effect of participation ability on promoting market trust. It is found that the trust to the government and market significantly impact people’s risk-response behaviors, while multi-system non-trust will result in excessive risk response behaviors. Therefore, it will be helpful to reduce the social risk triggered by environmental risk by building harmonious trust relationship and effective mechanism of environmental risk communication. Constructing harmonious trust relationship and effective mechanism of environmental risk communication depends on not only the social systems to effectively release the space for public participation, but also the improvement of  the public’s participation ability and social responsibility by encouraging them to participate in public life.

作者:

龔文娟

作者單位: 廈門大學公共政策研究院、社會學與社會工作系
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2016.3:47-72
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 環境風險溝通;彌散性參與;規制性參與;系統信任;風險應對;
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

本研究是國家社科基金項目“城市公眾應對環境風險的能力及行為研究”(11CSH019)的階段性成果。

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