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農村改革過程中的試點突破與話語重塑

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英文標題:

Transform through Experimentation and Discourse Reconstruction during the Rural Reform Process

摘要:

傳統的社會科學研究更多地將中國農村改革視為農民自發推動的結果。通過對安徽省農村改革早期實踐的考察,本文認為國家在此過程中起到了重要的凝聚和推動作用。集體化末期,原有治理模式的銷蝕殆盡和科層內部的意見分化為農村改革的基層實踐埋下了契機。通過在災害這一特殊背景下對國家政策的策略性變通,改革者成功實現了對基層民眾意愿的捕捉和凝聚,并進一步以“試點”的方式打開了地區政策變革的通道,最終通過話語重塑將鄉村社會的“生存倫理”轉化為國家制度轉型的合法性基礎,實現了國家在市場轉型初期治理意象的延續和統一。

英文摘要:

Social scientists hold the viewpoint that it was the Chinese peasants who pushed the rural reform from bottom up. However, based on the analysis of oral history resources from Anhui province, one of the first provinces to start rural reform, this paper finds that the political leaders played an irreplaceable role during this process. In the late period of collectivization, the old governance model of the Party-state had been eroded, and the divergence of opinions among the Party gave an opportunity to the regional experiments. The reformers successfully grasped and condensed the villagers’ aspiration of reform through flexible adjustments of policies during special circumstances. They made possible of policy modification through regional “experimental units”.In the end, they transformed the farmers’“survival ethics” to the ideological discourse of the Party-state to maintain the legitimacy and consistency of the state image during the market transformation.

作者:

李潔

作者單位: 中華女子學院社會工作學院
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2016.3:100-124
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 農村改革;權力實踐;試點;生存倫理;國家意象;
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

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