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社會分層、住房產權與居住質量——對中國“五普”數據的分析

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英文標題:

Social Stratification , Home Ownership , and Quality of Living :Evidence from China' s Fifth Census

摘要: 迄今對中國社會分層模式變遷的研究,幾乎全部集中在收入和職業流動的分析上。本文則關心在分層體系中日益重要的另外一個方面———住房。通過對中國第五次人口普查(以下簡稱五普)數據中的城市住戶的分析,我們得以了解不同職業階層在住房產權、房屋面積和房屋質量等方面的情況。在2 0 0 0年,72 %的城市居民戶擁有住房所有權,比1 990年的2 4%增加了48%。戶主職業地位高的住戶在產權擁有率、購買租賃比、購房能力(特別是購買新建商品房)上均表現出顯著優勢。另一方面,自2 0世紀90年代初以來,住房面積和房屋質量有非常大的提高。管理精英和專業精英的家庭所擁有的住房往往面積更大、質量更好。這些發現說明,在成功的經濟改革背后,社會分層機制既體現了制度跨越又保持了制度延續
英文摘要:

The research of China' s changing social stratification system hasfocused almost entirely on the analysis of income and occupational mobility.This paper instead draws attention to housing distribution, an aspect of social stratification that has increasing importance to life chances under a market-driven system.The urban portion of China' s 2000 Population and Housing Census is analyzed to examine variation by occupation in (1)home ownership , (2)home space , and (3)home quality.As of 2000, 72 % of the urban households are private home owners, which reveal a 48 % jump from the 24% in 1990.Households whose heads hold an elite occupation are significantly more likely to be in access to private homes than other households, and they show advantages of purchasing housing units previously rented, economically affordable homes, and, especially , newly constructed homes with a competitive market price.On the other hand, home space and quality also have improved tremendously since the early 1990s.Households headed by managerial and professional elites are in accessto large home space and better quality than are households headed by non-elites.These findings are in support of a view of power persistence, and informative about the fact that societal stability and continuity in social stratification are behind a successful economic reform program .

作者:

邊燕杰,劉勇利

作者單位: 香港科技大學; 中國國家統計局;
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2005.3:82-98
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 社會分層; 城市住房; 人口普查;
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

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