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“農民工”:制度安排與身份認同

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英文標題:

“Peasant-labor” :System and identity

摘要: 本研究從“市民權”概念入手,探討鄉城遷移人員成為“非市民”的制度背景和身份建構機制。筆者認為對既有戶籍制度的政府需要是戶籍制度及“農民工”制度長期被維持的基本背景。而目前中央政府的放責放權與地方城市政府的自利自保傾向并不利于“農民工權益問題”的真正解決。與此同時,作為中國社會中的第三種身份,“農民工”的被建構和被廣泛認同,既構成了現有“農民工”制度的合法性基礎,也影響了鄉城遷移者的權利意識和利益表達行動
英文摘要:

Beginning with the concept of urban-citizenship, this research explored the systematic background and the mechanism of identity construction which rural-urban migrants became non-urban-citizens.The author proposed that the government' s need for the existing household registration system served as a context in which the existing household registration and peasant-labor system had been maintained for decades . However, the central government' s strategy of transferring power and responsibility to a lower level and the local governments' orientations of protecting their own interests did not contribute any practical solution for problems relevant to peasant-labor' s rights and interests.Moreover, the construction and the high endorsement of peasant-labor identity , which was regarded as the third identity in the society of China , not only formed the legitimate foundation of the existing peasant-labor system , but also influenced the right consciousness of rural-urban migrants and their actions of interest articulation.

作者:

陳映芳;

作者單位: 華東師范大學中國現代城市研究中心;
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2005.3:119-132
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 農民工; 市民權; 制度安排; 身份認同;
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金: 上海高校都市文化E 研究院的支持 同時得到了教育部人文社會科學重點研究基地 2 0 0 4年重大項目的資助項目名稱 :“大都市社會結構的變遷與重構——以新社會群體為例” 項目批準號:04JJDZH004

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