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現代性與文化:韋伯的理論遺產之重估

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英文標題:

The Relevance of Culture to Modernity:Revisiting Max Weber' s theoretical legacy

摘要: 本文從文化與現代性之關系的角度探討了韋伯對現代性的理論解釋的局限性。本文認為:韋伯之將現代性的一般文化特征歸結為形式合理性的觀點是一種簡單化的觀點,這種觀點使他既看不到現代性與非西方文化傳統共存的可能性,也看不到現代性在西方也有超越形式合理性的可能性。韋伯之所以會有這種觀點,是因為其社會行動類型學對形式合理性與實質合理性的區分過于僵化,這種區分使他無法解釋傳統文化(尤其是非西方的傳統文化)在現代社會中的持續影響,也無法理解形式合理性與實質合理性在現代性背景下的共存
英文摘要:

This essay examines the limitations of Weber' s conception of modernity from the perspective of how culture relates to modernity.It argues that Weber is simplistic in defining formal rationality as the general feature of modern culture.This simplistic perception makes it impossible for Weber or Weberians to explain the possible affinity between non-Western traditions (the Confucian tradition in this case)and modernity , as well as the possibility for Western modernity to transcend formal rationality in its cultural sphere.This essay further argues that the reason for Weber' s simplicity lies in his rigid 244 classification of formal vs.substantive rationality in his typology of social actions.Under the framework of his typology , he is unable to perceive the continuous influences of traditional cultures (Western and non-Western)on the progress of modernity in the West and elsewhere , as well as the coexistence of formal and substantive rationality in the context of modernity.

作者:

夏光;

作者單位: 中國社會科學院社會學研究所;
期刊: 社會學研究
年.期:頁碼 2005.3:133-155
中圖分類號:
文章編號:
關鍵詞: 文化; 現代性; 形式合理性; 實質合理性;
英文關鍵詞:
項目基金:

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